At the beginning of the 20th Century in Nancy, under the impulse of a group of artists stemming from a diverse range of artistic disciplines (sculptors, glass-workers, engravers, cabinetmakers, architects etc.), Art Nouveau witnessed exceptional and international growth. It would take the name ‘l’Ecole de Nancy’ - or The School of Nancy- or Alliance Provinciale des Industries d'Art, through the emblematic figure of Emile Galle, famous industrialist, glass-worker, cabinetmaker and ceramist.
ÉMILE GALLÉ (1846-1904)
Artist and entrepreneur, ceramist, glass-worker and engraver, his aesthetic sense and technical expertise were indispensable as the leader and founder of l’Ecole de Nancy.
LOUIS MAJORELLE (1859-1926)
Co-founder of l’Ecole de Nancy, he is also one of the most renowned artists. Bronze sculptor, master glass-worker, it was mainly the collection of prestigious furniture and the production of series which ensured his fame. The extension of his activities allowed him to open exhibition stores, which no other similar enterprise had been able to achieve, in Paris, Lyon and Oran.
ANTONIN DAUM (1864-1930)
Accomplished master glass-worker, contributed to the perfection of new processes of fabrication and development of molten glass. His aesthetic sense ensured the House of Daum was a worldwide phenomenon. Vice President of the Ecole de Nancy at its foundation, he played a key role in the l’Exposition Internationale de l’Est de la France (International Exhibition of the East of France) in 1909.
VICTOR PROUVÉ (1856-1943)
He was the real driver of the Ecole de Nancy movement. His eclecticism opened him to all fields of expression of applied arts: illustrated and ellaborate book binding, engraving, sculpting, jewellery, illustration, marquetry....
JACQUES GRUBER (1870-1936)
Cabinetmaker, sculptor, teacher, painter, glass-worker, he was certainly one of the more accomplished students at the Ecole de Nancy. Playing either on the transparency or the opaqueness, he truly was the master of stained glass at the Ecole de Nancy.
EUGÈNE VALLIN (1856-1922)
Self taught cabinetmaker, he became a furniture designer to diversify his production. He was led into the modern trends by GALLÉ for whom he created the door of his new workshop. Co-founder of the School of Nancy, he built the first Art Nouveau house in Nancy.
LUCIEN WEISSENBURGER (1860-1929)
From l’hôtel brasserie Excelsior to the Magasins Réunis (large shopping complexes), to the Villa Majorelle and his own mansion, this Nancy architect was a key contributor to the renewal of architecture in his city.
EUGÈNE CORBIN (1867-1952)
Industrialist, philanthropist, collector, editor of the review Art et Industrie (founded in 1909), his role was essential to the promotion of the Alliance. His former home now houses the Ecole de Nancy Museum.